1. A one-liter buffer solution was made of ammonia (0.33 M)-ammonium chloride (0.33 M) at equilibrium. A student was asked to add 0.05 mol HCl to that solution. However, he mistakenly added 0.07 mol NaOH to that solution. Assume no change in the volume of the buffer.
(a) What type of buffer solution it was. Provide its mechanism.
(b) Calculate the change of pH of the buffer after the mistake of the student
(c) What would be the change of pH if the student adds 1000 mL water to that buffer solution? [2+2+1]
a) Buffer Action of Single Salt Solution:
The property of the solution to resist the changes in its pH value on the addition of small amounts of strong acid or base is known as buffer action.
b) Change of pH of the buffer=0.009
c) Change of pH =0.04