Answer to Question #166613 in General Chemistry for zainab

Question #166613

describe a safe method for making pure crystals of magnesium chloride from magnesium carbonate and dilute hydrochloric acid.

Expert's answer

Like many common group 2 metal carbonates, magnesium carbonate reacts with aqueous acids to release carbon dioxide and water

 MgCO3 + 2 HCl → MgCl2 + CO2 + H2O.

The procedure to obtain pure magnesium chloride from the reaction is as thus

Step 1: Reaction

- Leave the dilute hydrochloric acid in a beaker.

- Add Magnesium carbonate slowly until it is in excess or until no more gas seem to be getting liberated.

Step 2: Filtration

- Filter with filter paper and funnel.

- Filter off the excess magnesium carbonate as magnesium chloride will be in aqueous form (liquid) and will come out with the filtrate. The residue is the excess magnesium carbonate.

Step 3: Crystallization to obtain solid crystals from the filtrate.

- Pour filtrate solution into evaporating dish/basin

- Provide heat using Bunsen burner

- Pour solution into an evaporating basin and heat over a water bath

- Stop heating when crystals start to form

allow water to evaporate until pure crystals remain.

- Dry crystals using absorbent paper or warm oven.


- Use personal protective equipment such as gloves, a lab coat and wear eye protection, especially when heating.

- Avoid inhaling unnecessary gases during the whole process.

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