It involves searing a number, letters, designs or a combination of these put on the skin with a hot iron or with chemicals. Branding is most suited for marking cattle, buffaloes, horses and camels.
It consists of piercing outlines of desired number or letters on the skin inside ears and then incorporating a black vegetable pigment into these punctures. Steel points, each of which carries a small amount of coloured paste into the subcutaneous tissues and cartilage of ear, outline the various letters and figures.
3. Ear Tagging:
Tags or labels are made of light metal or strong plastic with the numbers stamped on them. Tags are fixed generally to the ear with a special tagging forceps.
4. Ear Notching:
Ear notching is mostly used to marl comprises cutting V-shaped notches at specified places along the borders of ears by means of a pair of sharp scissors or pincers.
5. Microchip implants (fish, amphibians, birds).