- Transmits electric signals from periphery (organs, muscles, skin, sensory organs, etc.) to brain and vice versa – from the brain to peripheral organs and tissues, as well as between different parts of the body;
- Regulates some spinal reflexes including (withdrawal reflex, stretch reflex, flexor reflex, i.e., plantar reflex, abdominal reflex, etc.);
- Maintains muscle tone;
- Regulates walking process comprising coordinated work of muscles (flexors and extensors) of both legs.