Meiosis I separates homologous chromosomes, producing two haploid cells. Phases of Meiosis I: - Prophase I (DNA is exchanged between homologous chromosomes in a process called homologous recombination) - Metaphase I (Homologous pairs move together along the metaphase plate) - Anaphase I (Whole chromosomes are pulled toward opposing poles, forming two haploid sets. Each chromosome still contains a pair of sister chromatids) - Telophase I (A new nuclear membrane surrounds each haploid set)
Meiosis II produces four haploid cells from the two haploid cells produced in meiosis I. Phases of Meiosis II: - Prophase II - Metaphase II - Anaphase II - Telophase II So meiosis ends up with four new daughter cells.