Answer to Question #21744 in Other Biology for Tricia
Meiosis I separates homologous chromosomes, producing two haploid cells.
Phases of Meiosis I:
- Prophase I (DNA is exchanged between homologous chromosomes in a process called homologous recombination)
- Metaphase I (Homologous pairs move together along the metaphase plate)
- Anaphase I (Whole chromosomes are pulled toward opposing poles, forming two haploid sets. Each chromosome still contains a pair of sister chromatids)
- Telophase I (A new nuclear membrane surrounds each haploid set)
Meiosis II produces four haploid cells from the two haploid cells produced in meiosis I.
Phases of Meiosis II:
- Prophase II
- Metaphase II
- Anaphase II
- Telophase II
So meiosis ends up with four new daughter cells.
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