Answer to Question #206700 in Biology for Refilwe

Question #206700

Reference is made to 5 psychologist with different theories on cognitive development discuss main contributions each has been made

Expert's answer

5 psychologist with different theories on cognitive development are:

1) Piaget created and studied an account of how children and youth gradually become able to think logically and scientifically;

2) Bandura states that learning occurs in a social context with a dynamic and reciprocal interaction of the person, environment, and behavior;

3) Freud proposed that personality development in childhood takes place during five psychosexual stages, which are the oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital stages;

4) Bowlby suggests that children come into the world biologically pre-programmed to form attachments with others, because this will help them to survive. A child has an innate (i.e. inborn) need to attach to one main attachment figure;

5) Erikson proposed that personality develops in a predetermined order through eight stages of psychosocial development, from infancy to adulthood.

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