Part III: Protein synthesis:
Describe the role of each of the following in the process of protein synthesis
tRNA (transfer RNA) is an adapter RNA molecule that links nucleotide sequence in mRNA with corresponding amino acid sequence during the translation on ribosomes. Each tRNA molecule has a trinucleotide region called the anticodon and a region for attaching a specific amino acid. During translation, each time an amino acid is added to the growing chain, a tRNA molecule forms base pairs with its complementary sequence on the mRNA molecule providing the insertion of the appropriate amino acid into the protein.