Answer to Question #251055 in Microbiology for Neo

Question #251055

DNA polymerase I (Pol I) of E. coli consists of three functional parts (domains): an N-terminal domain with 5´ to 3´ exonuclease activities required for removal of the RNA primer, a central domain responsible for 3´ to 5´ exonuclease proofreading, and a C-terminal domain with polymerase activity. Pol I is thought to simultaneously remove RNA primers and fill in the gaps that result. A group of proteins known as RNaseH also have 5´ to 3´ exonuclease activity and can thus remove RNA primers. However, they lack the other two functions observed for Pol I. Predict the ability of the following mutants to replicate DNA:(1) a strain with a mutant gene encoding Pol I such that it no longer has polymerase activity (but retains both types of nuclease activities);   (2) a strain without RNaseH proteins;


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Expert's answer
2021-10-13T15:32:05-0400
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