Discuss the life cycle of Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in relation to drug targets for antiretroviral therapies used to treat HIV-1 infected patients:
Antiretroviral therapy refers to the use of HIV medicines to treat HIV infection. The medicines protect the immune system by blocking HIV at different stages of the HIV life cycle. Antiretroviral therapy is also very effective at preventing HIV from multiplying, thereby prevents HIV from advancing to AIDS.
Antiretroviral therapy helps people with HIV live longer and with healthier lives. Antiretroviral treatment also reduces the risk of the spread of HIV to others.