Answer to Question #204745 in Microbiology for mbali

Question #204745

Discuss the life cycle of Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in relation

to drug targets for antiretroviral therapies used to treat HIV-1 infected patients:

Expert's answer

Binding, fusion, reverse transcription, integration, replication, assembly, and budding are 7 stages involved in the life cycle of Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in relation. The CD4 cells of the immune system are attacked and obliterated by HIV. These cells assume a part in shielding the body from disease. HIV adopts the machinery of the CD4 cells to increase and circulate throughout the body. This process takes place in the above-mentioned seven steps or phases, which are referred to as the HIV life cycle. The immune system is protected by the HIV medication by obstructing HIV at various stages of the HIV life cycle. The utilization of HIV medicines to treat HIV infection is called Antiretroviral therapy (ART). A combination of HIV treatments from at least two various HIV drug classes each day is taken by people on ART. ART is extremely beneficial at deterring HIV from increasing because each class of drugs is formulated to focus on a particular step in the HIV life cycle.

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