Question #100038

Describe how you would prepare a 10% solution hydrochloric acid(liquid) and a 10% solution of sodium chloride(crystals) into a total volume of 100cm3.

Expert's answer

Let's have 100 ml of concentrated hydrochloric acid (HCl) solution (W = 36%, density = 1,18 g/ml)

Then,

W(HCl)= x g HCl / 100 ml of solution = x/118 g = 36%

Hence m(HCl) equals x = 0,36•118 = 42,48 g

To prepare 10% solution of HCl we should add to concentrated HCl y grams(ml) of water. Then, we have the proportion:

0,1 = 42,48 g of HCl/118 g of first solution + y grams of H_{2}O

Or 0,1 = 42,48/118+y

y+118=424,8

y = 306,8 g(ml) of H_{2}O

SO, to prepare 10% solution of HCl we should add 306,8 ml of H_{2}O to 100 ml of concentrated HCl. OR, to prepare 100 cm^{3} of 10% solution of HCl we should add to 23,54 cm^{3 }of concentrated HCl 76,46 cm^{3} of water.

To prepare 100 ml(cm^{3}) of 10% solution of NaCl:

0,10 = x g NaCl/100 cm^{3} of solution

x = 10 g

You should take a 10 g of NaCl and 90 g of water.

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