Answer to Question #103624 in Genetics for Charan singh

Question #103624
Describe origin and phenotypic effect of the following structural chromosomal aberrations deletion, duplication, inversion, translocation.
1
Expert's answer
2020-02-24T08:54:51-0500

deletion mutation occurs when part of a DNA molecule is not copied during DNA replication. This uncopied part can be as small as a single nucleotide or as much as an entire chromosome. The loss of this DNA during replication can lead to a genetic disease. .

Duplication is a type of mutation that involves the production of one or more copies of a gene or region of a chromosome. Gene and chromosome duplications occur in all organisms, though they are especially prominent among plants. Gene duplication is an important mechanism by which evolution occurs.

 Inversion mutations occur when a section of DNA breaks away from a chromosome during the reproductive process and then reattaches to the chromosome in reversed order.

Translocation is a type of chromosomal abnormality in which a chromosome breaks and a portion of it reattaches to a different chromosome.


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