Answer to Question #86272 in Cell Biology for Amir Mehmood Baig

Question #86272
Q.5 : a popular brand of margarine has a label on can that identifies the product as ‘’ partially hydrogenated soybean, palm and cottonseed oil’’:
Q.5(A): what does the process of partial hydrogenation accomplish chemically?
1
Expert's answer
2019-03-13T11:45:31-0400

Hydrogenation of oils is associated with the addition of hydrogen to unsaturated fatty acids. Chemically, the process of hydrogenation leads to the transformation of unsaturated cis-fats to unsaturated trans-fats. As a result, partial hydrogenation does not transform double bonds of the fatty acid chain to saturated bonds but leads to the formation of trans-isomers of unsaturated fatty acids. The process results in the production of fats with increased melting temperature transforming liquid plant oils into solid fats.


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