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Answer to Question #86272 in Cell Biology for Amir Mehmood Baig

Question #86272
Q.5 : a popular brand of margarine has a label on can that identifies the product as ‘’ partially hydrogenated soybean, palm and cottonseed oil’’:
Q.5(A): what does the process of partial hydrogenation accomplish chemically?
Expert's answer

Hydrogenation of oils is associated with the addition of hydrogen to unsaturated fatty acids. Chemically, the process of hydrogenation leads to the transformation of unsaturated cis-fats to unsaturated trans-fats. As a result, partial hydrogenation does not transform double bonds of the fatty acid chain to saturated bonds but leads to the formation of trans-isomers of unsaturated fatty acids. The process results in the production of fats with increased melting temperature transforming liquid plant oils into solid fats.

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