Answer to Question #215214 in Cell Biology for Fortune Aidoo

Question #215214

Describe the similarities and differences between the cytokinesis mechanisms found in animal cells versus those in plant cells. 

Expert's answer

Cytokinesis is the process of the cell cycle which divides the cytoplasm of the parent cell into two cells.

The process of cytokinesis involves the membrane of the cell, so the process differs in plant and animals cell as the plant cell exhibits two layers that are the cell wall surrounding the plasma membrane while animal cell lacks the cell wall. the main difference in both the process is:

1. Plant cell division-occurs by cell plate formation while animal cell division- occurs by full cleavage.

2. In-Plant cell- no cytoskeleton is involved while in animal cell- Cytoskeleton components are actively involved

3. Plant cell division is centripetal while animal cell division is centrifugal

4. Plant cell-wall formation is present while animal cell-Wall formation is absent

The similarities in both the process are that it generates the genetically identical daughter cells. In both cells, cytokinesis after the karyokinesis and is the last stage of the division.

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