Answer to Question #94972 in Biochemistry for Kylie

Question #94972
Describe the functions two three soluble vitamins and diseases that arise as
a result of their deficiency.
Expert's answer

Fat soluble vitamins- A,D,E,K

water soluble vitamins- B,C

Functions of vitamin A - Vitamin A helps form and maintain healthy teeth, skeletal and soft tissue, mucus membranes, and skin. It is also known as retinol because it produces the pigments in the retina of the eye. Vitamin A promotes good eyesight, especially in low light.

Deficiency- Deficiency impairs immunity and hematopoiesis and causes rashes and typical ocular effects (eg, xerophthalmia, night blindness).

Functions of vitamin D- Vitamin D is one of many nutrients our bodies need to stay healthy. Among the vitamin's main functions, it helps the body: Absorb calcium. Vitamin D, along with calcium, helps build bones and keep bones strong and healthy.

deficiency- symptoms are : thinning or brittle bones, osteoporosis, or frequent bone fractures.

Function of vitamin K-  The body needs vitamin K to produce prothrombin, a protein and clotting factor that is important in blood clotting and bone metabolism.

Deficiency-  The main symptom of a vitamin K deficiency is excessive bleeding caused by an inability to form blood clots. In this article, we look at the function of vitamin K in the body, as well as the symptoms and treatments for a vitamin K deficiency

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