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Answer to Question #23842 in Biochemistry for India

Question #23842
2. Photosynthesis must be triggered by a catalyst known as what in order for the process to start?
Expert's answer
Ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase oxygenase (RuBisCO) is an enzyme involved in the first major step of carbon fixation in photosynthesis, a process by which atmospheric carbon dioxide is converted by plants to energy-rich molecules such as glucose. In chemical terms, it catalyzes the carboxylation of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate to form two molecules of 3-phosphoglycerate.
The overall equation for the light-independent reactions in green plants is:
3 CO2 + 9 ATP + 6 NADPH + 6 H+ → C3H6O3-phosphate + 9 ADP + 8 Pi + 6 NADP+ + 3 H2O

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