Answer to Question #183836 in Biochemistry for Emmers Occean

Question #183836

Describe, in biochemical detail, the structure of functional [name of enzyme]. Include any coenzymes, cofactors, etc

Expert's answer

Enzymes catalyze all kinds of chemical reactions that are involved in growth, blood coagulation, healing, diseases, breathing, digestion, reproduction, and many other biological activities.

eg.- Amylase, produced in the mouth

Pancreatic lipase, produced in the pancreas

A cofactor is a non-protein chemical compound or metallic ion that is required for anenzyme's activity as a catalyst (a catalyst is a substance that increases the rate of achemical reaction). 

Cofactors can be considered "helper molecules" that assist in biochemical transformations.

eg.-Coenzyme Q , Cytidine triphosphate

Coenzymes such as coenzyme A, acetyl coenzyme A, cellular redox coenzymes: NAD+(oxidized nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide), NADH (reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide), NADP+ (oxidized nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate) and NADPH (reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate), energy coenzyme

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