Answer to Question #201182 in Sociology for Asadullah

Question #201182

Despite the recent unprecedented technological advancement and economic growth, inequality of various sorts exists in all the societies across the world. How do you think inequality can be reduced specially in our society?

A. Is there a need of reducing inequality in the society? Why or why not? Explain with logical reasoning and historical examples.

B. Describe through functionalist perspective how inequality could be reduced effectively in a society


1
Expert's answer
2021-06-01T07:56:02-0400

Social disparity can arise as a result of a society's view of acceptable gender roles or the prevalence of social stereotyping. as the affluent, in cultures where money determines access to these social benefits Social inequality is connected to race and gender disparity, as well as income disparity.

IMPROVED TARGETING OF SOCIAL PROGRAMS

Targeting aids in the reduction of income inequality as well as disparities in education and health. Income transfer programs can have a stronger and longer-term impact if they are more targeted, ensuring that those with bigger gaps in access and income disparity participate in the programs.

This can be accomplished by geographic targeting (selecting places with a greater frequency of poverty) or by surveys to determine whether or not a potential recipient is impoverished and how poor she is. There is also the option of participatory targeting, in which members of the community determine and validate the beneficiaries' selection.

PRO-POVERTY FINANCIAL POLICY

Income redistribution is primarily implemented through fiscal policy, although it is not limited to payments from the affluent to the poor. Fiscal incentives for poorer entrepreneurs in informal markets can encourage them to enter the formal sector, offer social security for them, and make it simpler for them to pay taxes based on their status and earnings. Fiscal incentives for banks, on the other hand, might encourage them to lend money to the poor by giving payment guarantees and implementing financing programs targeted to the poorest deciles.

DECISION-MAKING WITH PARTICIPANTS

This technique focuses on amplifying the poor's voice. Poor people frequently suffer unequal involvement in policymaking. Designing participatory approaches to engage their perspectives in public policy can help close power inequalities in deciding on policies that impact them and their communities. Participation does not have to be limited to decision-making; it may also entail monitoring and assessing the outcomes and effects of social programs.

REVISION OF THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK THAT PROMOTES INEQUALITY

This method can aid in the identification of discriminatory legislation or laws that create inequities between persons or areas. Domestic labor laws that do not recognize it as productive; or social security systems that do not guarantee broad access.

The structures that underpin these laws may discriminate against informal poor employees, such as farm laborers who do not have access to social security (and therefore, pensions). As a result, these laws may be altered to encompass certain segments of the population.


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