Whistle-blowing is sometimes defined as the act of an employee exposing an employer’s wrongdoing to outsiders, such as the media or government regulatory agencies. Distinguish between the two types of whistle-blowing that exist in the Ghanaian society.
There are two types of whistleblowing. They are;
1. Internal whistleblowing
2. External whistleblowing
Internal whistleblowing is a scenario where an employee or a member of a country reports problems or the wrongdoings of a worker in the workplace to the highest hierarchy of power within the system. For example, an employee may report a fellow employee to the manager or a worker may report the wrongdoing of a head of the department to the general manager. In Ghana, the citizens report the wrongdoings of their leaders to the court of law for action to be taken.
However, external whistleblowing is the scenario where an employee reports the wrongdoings of the employer to the public who are not members of the business system. For example, an employee may report issues like late payment of salaries to the ministry of labor for action to be taken.
In Ghana, the citizens blow whistles about the corruption of the government to the international anti-corruption associations. They report the matters of their country to help them to receive better services and to raise the levels of development of their country.