Answer to Question #199182 in Sociology for Sadys Castillo

Question #199182

I.          After reading the Sociological Imagination by C. Wright Mills, answer the following questions:

·      What would you say is function or role of sociology?

·      Why is sociology considered a “structural” field of study?

·      Why is sociology considered a science?

III.      Provide the main idea or theory proposed by the following sociologists:

·      Harriet Martineau:

·      W.E.B. Dubois:

·      Karl Marx:

·      Emile Durkheim:

·      Max Webber:

Expert's answer
  1. sociology enables individuals to appreciate diversity and broadens people's thinking. sociology plays the role of empowering people. Sociology helps people to solve the social problems and other complex challenges.
  2. As a structural field of study, sociology is a school of thought according to which each of the institutions, relationships, roles, and norms that together constitute a society serves a purpose, and each is indispensable for the continued existence of the others and of society as a whole
  3. Sociology is a science because it adopts and applies the scientific method. Sociology does make use of scientific methods in the study of its subject matter. Hence Sociology is a science.

  • Harriet introduced feminist sociological perspectives in her writing and addressed overlooked issues such as marriage, children, domestic life, religious life, and race relations.
  • Du Bois believed that capitalism was a primary cause of racism, and he was generally sympathetic to socialist causes throughout his life. He was an ardent peace activist and advocated nuclear disarmament
  • Marxist terminology, surplus value, contributions to dialectics and the labor theory of value, class conflict, alienation and exploitation of the worker, materialist conception of history
  •  Durkheim's major contributions was to help define and establish the field of sociology as an academic discipline. Durkheim distinguished sociology from philosophy, psychology, economics, and other social science disciplines by arguing that society was an entity of its own
  • Max Webber's formulation is the connection between ​culture and economy; conceptualizing how people and institutions come to have authority, and how they keep it, and the "iron cage" of bureaucracy and how it shapes people's lives

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