Answer to Question #180092 in Sociology for EUGINE HAWEZA

Question #180092
  1. Write about the contributions of Jane Addams, Émile Durkheim Harriet Martineau and

Karl Marx in Sociology in the field of Sociology. B. Explain how their contributions helped shape the field of Sociology.


1
Expert's answer
2021-04-16T13:45:53-0400


Addams’ work was mapped on understanding gender-related issues. Addams’ commitment to social cohesion and cooperation enabled her to understand the divisive distinctions. Active democratic social progress was so essential to Addams that she did not want to alienate any group of people from the conversation or from the participation necessary for effective inclusive deliberation.


Martineau is known for her argument on progressive politics. She introduced feminist sociological perspectives in her writing and addressed overlooked issues such as marriage, children, domestic life, religious life, and race relations. Martineau translated the works of Auguste Comte, who discovered the term sociology.


Durkheim's major contributions in sociology were defining and developing the field of sociology concept in the academic discipline. Additionally, Durkheim established the difference in sociology from philosophy, psychology, social science and economics disciplines through his opinions claiming that society is an entity on its own.


Marx on the other hand invented a theory claiming that society progressed due to the existence of class conflicts between the workers, proletariat and the bourgeoisie and the business people and government. Marx's theories on society have enhanced various forms of sociology discipline and other sociology concepts.


The sociologists and philosophers, Marx, Martineau, Durkheim and Adams gave an introduction to different sociology concepts and contributions to society. Their formulations of the connection between ​culture and economy. The philosophers identified ways in which people and societal institutions acquire authority, how they exercise it and use it to shape society's wellbeing.



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