a) All societies throughout history have had legal systems. The most complete early legal system has been the Code of Hammurabi, which was operative in Babylon (Iraq) around 1750 BC. Kindly examine the various steps in the evolution of legal systems. AP(10 Marks)
b) Among other things, the supreme court in Ghana has the power to determine whether the act of any person, authority or parliament is ultra- varied the constitution. What does this mean? AN(5 Marks)
c) Using clear examples, explain the four types of participation that exist in court processes.
a). The Code of Hammurabi is the most perfect and complete and surviving assortment of Babylonian laws. The code was established during the sovereignty of Hammurabi who ruled between 1792–1750 BCE of the first empire of Babylon. It entailed his legitimate verdicts that were composed toward the end of his supremacy and emblazoned on a diorite stela create in Babylon’s shrine of Marduk, the state god of Babylonia. These two hundred and eighty-two case laws comprised of economic provisions namely trade, prices, commerce, and tariffs, the domestic law of divorce and marriage, the illicit law of theft and assault, and finally public law of debt and slavery. Notably, penalties differed according to the standing of the lawbreakers and the situations of the offenses.
b). Ultra vires are acts that are used in law to designate an activity that needs legal authority, however, are done minus it. Therefore, the ultra-varied constitution within the Supreme Court of Ghana is invalid.
C) The judge permits each side the chance to extant its version of the case. For example, the judge makes the final decision. The clerk assists the judge with the probationary. For example, the clerk archives all the court proceedings. Attorneys represent the defendant and plaintiff at a court trial. For instance, the attorneys provide argumentative evidence to aid in a fair decision. The jury supervises the trial and makes decisions on any legal queries that arise. For instance, the jury is consulted during a criminal case.