Answer to Question #174269 in Sociology for Kwame Hay

Question #174269

Question 4

a) Laws are established rules that describe the ways in which people are required to act in their relationships with others within a society. These laws are derived from five sources. With clear examples discuss any three of them.

b) Several actors are involved in court processes in the Ghanaian legal system. Briefly establish the different roles these actors play in ensuring that court proceedings are viable.

c) Clearly establish the difference between certiorari and prohibition.

Expert's answer

The correct answer is :

a.1)Constitution -is a set of fundamental ground rules setting out the powers of the different branches of government and how these entities operate and interrelate.

2) Legislation is the second key source of law and usually takes priority over sources of law other than the Constitution. There may be more than one legislative body in a country - central, provincial or state and municipal authorities may each have separate power to legislate.

3) Judicial decisions are authoritative and develop into a source of law known as “case law”. Case law may extend the application of legislation and is deemed to form part of the law.

b)They hear cases on appeal and review the cases.

They makes decisions.

C).The only difference between the two is, whereas a writ of prohibition is issued to prevent an inferior court or tribunal to go ahead with the trial of a case in which it has assumed excess of jurisdiction, a writ of certiorari is issued to quash the order passed by an inferior court or tribunal in excess of jurisdiction

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