Answer to Question #174264 in Sociology for Kwame Hay

Question #174264

Question 2

a) All societies throughout history have had legal systems. The most complete early legal system has been the Code of Hammurabi, which was operative in Babylon (Iraq) around 1750 BC. Kindly examine the various steps in the evolution of legal systems.

b) Among other things, the supreme court in Ghana has the power to determine whether the act of any person, authority or parliament is ultra-varied the constitution. What does this mean?

c) Using clear examples, explain the four types of participation that exist in court processes.

Expert's answer

The Code of Hammurabi was one of the initial and greatest whole written legal codes. It was declared by the Babylonian king named Hammurabi, who ruled from 1792 to 1750 B.C. Hammurabi extended the city-state of Babylon lengthways of the River of Euphrates to bond all of southern Mesopotamia's populace. The Hammurabi code of laws was a collection of two hundred and eighty-two rules, formed standards for commercial interactions, and set punishments and fines to meet the necessities of justice. Therefore, Hammurabi’s Code was imprinted onto a massive, finger-shaped black stone stele – the so-called pillar that was burgled by invaders and lastly revived in 1901.

Ultra vires are acts that are done beyond the powers of the constitution. Within the state of Ghana, Ultra vires are used in the law systems to describe an act that requires legal authority from the constitution however is done without it, thus invalid. 

  1. Court Judges- They show participation in the court procedures as they select the result of the case by offering a decision. For example, cases tried in court are decided by a judge. 
  2. The Court Clerks- They show participation by recording selected activities for official case file records. For instance, the court clerks are accountable for all case exhibits. 
  3. The Court Bailiff- They show participation by maintaining law and order in the court in the court procedures. For example, they assist the court judges with trials. 
  4. The Attorneys- They often participate by representing the defendant and plaintiff at a trial. For example, they provide argumentative evidence that aid in making a fair decision. 

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