Answer to Question #169256 in Sociology for EUGINE HAWEZA

Question #169256

1.     a. Write about the contributions of Jane Addams, Émile Durkheim Harriet Martineau and

Karl Marx in Sociology in the field of Sociology.

b. Explain how their contributions helped shape the field of Sociology. 

Expert's answer

1 a. Martineau is notable for her progressive politics. She introduced feminist sociological perspectives in her writing and addressed overlooked issues such as marriage, children, domestic life, religious life, and race relations. In 1852, Martineau translated the works of Auguste Comte, who had coined the term sociology

One of Durkheim's major contributions was to help define and establish the field of sociology as an academic discipline. Durkheim distinguished sociology from philosophy, psychology, economics, and other social science disciplines by arguing that society was an entity of its own.

Marx developed a theory that society progressed through a class conflict between the proletariat, the workers, and the bourgeoisie, the business owners and government leaders. Marx's theories about society not only helped form the discipline of sociology but also several perspectives within sociology.

Get a brief introduction to what are considered some of his most important theoretical contributions: his formulation of the connection between ​culture and economy; conceptualizing how people and institutions come to have authority, and how they keep it; and, the "iron cage" of bureaucracy and how it shapes our lives.

b. Max Weber claimed that humans act on the basis of their own understanding of asituation 

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