In the prescribed textbook Psychology for Teachers (2018), Paul Castle and Scott Buckler discuss the importance of understanding perspectives in Psychology. In your own words, provide a definition of the term perspective and outline perspective‐taking within the context of psychology. In your answer, make use of at least TWO examples of perspective‐taking within a school or classroom setting
Perspective refers to a particular attitude towards or way of regarding something, a point of view. Psychological perspective-taking is a powerful social cognition that helps us to understand other people. Visuospatial perspective-taking involves a mental transformation of one's body schema into the physical location of another person. Six perspectives show students a measure of unity and continuity within this fragmented field by briefly and coherently discussing six primary perspectives that have arisen: biological, psychoanalytical, behavioural, humanistic, cognitive, and evolutionary.
Perspective-taking in the classroom promotes student learning, relationships, and problem-solving positively. Beginning to expose students to the social and emotional impact of perspective-taking sets students up to adapt to the world's various perspectives progressing through their education. Some examples of perspective‐taking within a school or classroom setting include; pointing out other students' emotions, showing the child when another child is crying and talking about how he feels and why he feels that way. Reading books and talking about how the characters may be feeling in the book, talking about your own emotions, and helping the child problem-solve situations to make someone feel better.