explain the key areas of Industrial Psychology and how these can help solve challenges facing organizations
The key areas of industrial psychology include recruitment, performance management, organizational development and management, employee training and development and performance management. Industrial psychologists can be found within the human resource department; they are responsible for managing the human resources in the organization. Industrial psychology can help solve challenges facing organizations in different ways. For instance, it helps in job analysis and assessing the skills and abilities required for a specific job opportunity. The information obtained in used to develop and assess employee skills and determine suitable people for certain tasks. Industrial psychology helps an organization address the issues facing the human resources thereby influencing efficiency and effectiveness. It is essential to note that the employees play an essential role in the success and continuity of the organization. They are in direct contact with the customers and are tasked with the responsibility of fulfilling the organization’s goals and objectives. For example, employers engage the services of industrial psychologists to help the solve specific problems within the workplace such as creating a healthy work environment and optimizing employee and organizational performance.
Neubert, J. C., Mainert, J., Kretzschmar, A., & Greiff, S. (2015). The assessment of 21st century skills in industrial and organizational psychology: Complex and collaborative problem solving. Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 8(2), 238-268.