what similarities do people with prosopagnosia and autism have in face processing
According to scientific studies, face individual identity recognition skill is very important in today's world. Difficulties in face identity recognition are also shown in autistic individuals. Similarly, family members are possibly linked to oxytocin polymorphisms, particularly in families with an autistic child. However, while it is reported that developmental prosopagnosia occurs in only 2-3% of the population, there is no prevalence of prosopagnosia in autisms (Moret-Tatay et al. 2020). Moreover, autism in a group approach has not been reported with characterized impaired face memory.
Similarly, the individual is linked with social and communication difficulties. Thus, autism is an idiopathic condition that affects people in the same family and can be passed to the child (Bate et al. 2019). On the other hand, depending on the degree of impairment, prosopagnosia individuals may only have difficulties recognizing a familiar face, and others will be unable to discriminate between unknown faces.
Bate, S., Bennetts, R. J., Gregory, N., Tree, J. J., Murray, E., Adams, A., ... & Banissy, M. J. (2019). Objective patterns of face recognition deficits in 165 adults with self-reported developmental prosopagnosia. Brain sciences, 9(6), 133.
Moret-Tatay, C., Fortea, I. B., & Sevilla, M. D. G. (2020). Challenges and insights for the visual system: Are face and word recognition two sides of the same coin?. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 56, 100941.