Answer to Question #145598 in Psychology for Jesujemisin

Question #145598
How can a reinforcement be either positive or negative? Please examples of each.
1
Expert's answer
2020-11-27T04:19:28-0500

Positive reinforcement is the act of enhancing a behavior pattern a rewarding mechanism when the behavior is exhibited. For example clapping or giving a high five each time the desired behavior is exhibited.

Negative reinforcement on the other hand is when a certain stimulus (usually an aversive stimulus) is extinguished after a particular behavior is exhibited. The likelihood of the particular behavior occurring again in the future is increased because of voiding the aversive stimulus. For example, a teacher can ease restrictions from a pupil when he starts to behave well.


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