Answer to Question #123464 in Psychology for wilsbron

Question #123464
The scientific method is a method of inquiry that helps us understand nature around and within us. When we talk about “science” as only one way to explain nature, and psychology, in particular, as one way to explain human behavior, what do you think this means? Can you think of other ways that we have used to explain behavior?
Expert's answer

Psychology is a science because it follows the empirical method. The scientific status of any endeavor is determined by its method of investigation, not what it studies. All sciences use the empirical method. Empiricism emphasizes objective and precise measurement.

Human behavior is very complex. To understand it, as best we can today, involves recognizing that humans are living and behaving organisms in a physical world. This tells us we must know science-validated principles from Physics, Biology, and Behavior Analysis, and we must use these principles appropriately to construct our understanding of behavior.

A foundation for using the principles of science is requiring that we deal only with Observable, Measurable, and Repeatable phenomena. This means that we must measurable observable behaviors and factors in the environment to Interpret, Predict, and Control human behavior, and we do not appeal to hypothetical constructs to explain behavior.

The science called the Analysis of Behavior has studied human behavior for almost a century and accumulated a powerful set of principles that can be used to “explain” most human behavior.

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