1. Ruling out other probable causes of an event before concluding that one thing (e.g., time to complete work tasks) is the cause of another (e.g., stress) is known as eliminating ________________________________.
2. In non-experimental studies, researchers look at the relationship between variables in natural settings. For example, a researcher may want to know if there is an association between time spent outdoors in nature and the wellbeing of its citizens. What is the name of the statistical method these types of studies use
3. Most researchers would argue that rigorously designed laboratory experiments tend to be high in ________________________________.
4. The extent to which an experimental setting resembles a real-life situation (e.g. driving) or event is known as _______________________________realism
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