Psychological research extends the territory of
psychology by contributing to the social order through the invention of
original theories on individual conduct, progress, and intellect. Psychological
researchers use humans and animals as specimens thus calling for the role of ethics
in ensuring justice and dignity towards the study matters.
Ethics requires that a researcher follow laid down
regulations in the conduct of research, ensuring conscience and allegiance to
professionalism. Wide consultations, literature reviews, and omission reviews
boards of research proposals characterize ethically sound psychological
How ethics influence Psychological Research.
Risk analysis on the intended research activity is
necessary to weigh the total benefits and risks of the proposed study to the
subjects in terms of privacy and nurturing the reputation psychology as a
profession. Some research problems pose multifaceted methodological and ethical
challenges that warrant an overhaul of the existing ethical procedures in
psychological research (Stanley, Sieber & Nelton, 1996).
Most of the ethical guidelines revolve around informed
consent, confidentiality, and consequences and the responsibility of the
researcher. Informed consent involves the question of sufficient information
and when appropriate.
Complete information on the purpose and design of
research proposal counteracts deception of the participants (Willig
&Rogers, 2008).Confidentiality ensures that any data about individual are
completely blinded to the last information product to be published. The
uncertainties in every research deserve elimination, be they quantitative or
These reservations, can applied as framework in the
drafting of research protocols. Submission of qualitative study to ethical
review committees makes researchers internalize the values, issues, and ethical
dilemmas in his/her project.
There are various categories of psychology focusing on
different ethical issues. In experimental psychology, ethics tend to protect
subjects used in laboratory-based research, usually living study subjects.
Conversely, critical psychological approaches do develop on the specific ethics
in psychology, psychologists, as well as knowledge in psychology (Willig &
Another imperative aspect is the experts and
psychological approaches. Ethics allows for standardization of research process
by ensuring values and facts form the benchmarks of any research work. During
the choice of research topic, formulation of the design, collection, and
analysis of relevant data, explanation, and distribution of the findings,
ethics outlines the right traits of a researcher.
Furthermore, ethics elaborates how to treat research
subjects with dignity and justice, giving investigation a wide acceptability
from the subjects and society in general.
Critical psychology gives a broad view of the role of
ethics in psychology. It argues that ethics do not only play part in practical
research but also in political arenas. Politics touches on all most segments of
human life and sometimes can be very emotive and this calls for ethical
considerations when dealing with a society guided by norms and values.
Ethical considerations give research participants a
chance to explain what a research purpose and methodologies involves, together
with the use of deception.
It also outlines how to deal with any possible negative
effects the research has had on participants and rationally allowed to give
informed consent to undertake, portraying aspect of fairness and keeping at bay
cases of deceptions. Legitimate social-psychological research can help propose
facts to help society and individuals make decisions about moral or ethical
Scientists often differ about the application of research
findings in the society; each one of them is therefore at his or her discretion
to judge how such findings can best serve society. This is how ethics guides the
researchers to apply what is positive to the society regarding findings of a
Stanley, B., Sieber, J. $ Nelton, G. (1996). Research ethics: a psychological approach.
New York, NY: University of Nebraska Press
Willig, C. & Rogers, W. (2008). The SAGE handbook of qualitative research in
psychology. London: SAGE.