Researchers try to use a truly representative sample of the population of people in whom they are interested—one of the main reasons for using random selection. Even so, the sample is usually selected from within a particular segment of the social world in which the researchers themselves live and work. For example, in the United States, there are some fairly distinct differences between people from the northeast and people from the southeast, and the same can be true in many other countries. There are also differences between urban and rural areas. If a psychologist is conducting a study in a particular geographical area of a country, how might regional differences impact the study’s results? What measures could or should the psychologist take to minimize the impact?
Psychologist using random sampling will affect results of regional differences since it cannot remove intentional bias from the data collection process. There is also no guarantee that the participants in random sampling will provide authentic information for use. The researcher can use the method of stratified sampling to minimize the impact caused by random sampling. This is used when the population varies.