Answer to Question #90533 in Other Psychology for M
Researchers conducted an experimental study in the lab in which they manipulated the independent variable, wearing headphones, by employing two conditions: One where participants wore headphones while listening to classical music and one where they did not wear headphones but listened to classical music via a loudspeaker. In both conditions, participants drove around a course on a driving simulator. The simulator was programmed so that at different times an obstacle would appear. The number of times that participants crashed into the obstacle was recorded, and this measure constituted the dependent variable. All participants first drove around the course wearing headphones. Then all participants drove around the course not wearing headphones. The researchers found that the number of crashes was lower in the condition where participants did not wear headphones. Would you trust these results? b. No. You can’t say that wearing headphones leads to more crashes because of the confound of order effects.
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