Hertzsprung-Russell (HR) diagram is an essential tool used in stellar evolution. In the universe, there are several hundreds of billions of stars. Scientists use the tool, in differentiation, the billions of stars in the world from the sun. In the HR tool, there is plotting of the luminosity or energy output of a star, which is plotted on the X-axis of a graph against the absolute magnitude. The sun's magnitude is an absolute of +48, which, when plotted against its luminosity, helps in setting an apparent variance between the sun and any other star. Additionally, the sun has been identified as the primary star with a very high temperature. Hence the tool can locate the sun from other forms of stars. HR diagrams outline data such as temperature and luminosity or energy. However, star distance from the Erath is not a type of data represented in the charts.
um I need a shorter answer that is also good.