1,What is geo-political relations? Give three examples of bilateral and multilateral relations.
2,Critically examined how South Africa has improved her geo-political interests in bilateral and multilateral relations
Geo-political relations refer to the relations relating to political power linked to geographic space. include relations between the interests of international political actors focused within an area, a space, or a geographical element, relations which create a geopolitical system.
Examples of multilateral relations include;
a) The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) of 1994 that bound the United States, Canada, and Mexico.
b) United Nations (UN), and
c) The World Trade Organization
Examples of bilateral relations include;
Australia and Canada have a bilateral relationship; both have similar governments and share similar values as well as having the same titular head of state.
India and Nepal have had a bilateral relationship since ancient times even before the birth of the Buddha in 544 BC
The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership would remove current barriers to trade between the United States and the European Union.
2) The Minister of International Relations and Cooperation is entrusted with the formulation, promotion, execution and daily conduct of South Africa’s foreign policy. The department pursues regional political and economic integration, promotes Africa’s development through sustained South-South solidarity and mutually beneficial relations with the North, and engages in multilateral systems and processes of global governance in advancing South Africa’s foreign policy priorities.
The department plays an active role in the structures and processes of the African Union (AU) for the advancement of peace, security and conflict prevention in Africa. South Africa has been nominated to chair the AU in 2020 with a mandate to ensure that there are linkages between development, good governance, peace and stability. the department will focus on promoting economic development, trade and investment by seeking ways to foster inclusive growth and sustainable development; enhancing peace and security efforts in Africa; and supporting good governance through the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM), the AU structure responsible for driving the union’s agenda of good governance.
The DIRCO continues to focus on consolidating economic, political and social relations through structured bilateral mechanisms, high‐level engagements and the creation of country‐specific strategies to promote national priorities. South Africa continues to accelerate its economic diplomacy and grow its regional, continental and global trade and investment partnerships through engagements and activities undertaken by South African missions abroad to promote the country’s economic interests, investment opportunities, tourism, skills development and cultural exchange.