Colonialism refers to the practice of acquiring full or partial political control over another country, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically. It occurs when one nation subjugates another, conquering its population and exploiting it, often while forcing its own language and cultural values upon its people. There exists two types of colonialism which are settler colonialism and exploitation colonialism. The settler colonialism involves immigration at large scale as an outcome of religious, economic or political issues. Exploitation colonialism involves the trade and commerce like the export of goods or even the slave trade.
Colonial rule refers to practice of a wealthy or powerful nation's maintaining or extending its control over other countries, especially in establishing settlements or exploiting resources. The colonial rule is powered by colonial masters or country and the machinery of administrative domination are established to facilitate effective control and exploitation of the colonized societies.