Human rights are the rights that a person enjoys merely by virtue of being human. All people have equal, universal, and inalienable human rights. “All humans are born free and with the same dignity and rights. They are gifted with reason and conscience and should act in a brotherly manner toward one another. Violation of a human right would thus constitute a failing to appreciate the value of human life.
Human rights are a concept that has evolved over the course of human history. Throughout history, they have been inextricably linked to laws, customs, and faiths.
Since its founding, the United Nations has adopted more than 20 major treaties, including conventions to prevent and prohibit specific abuses such as torture and genocide, as well as to protect particularly vulnerable populations such as refugees (Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, 1951), women (Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, 1951), and children (Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Children, 1951). (Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989).