Explain the impact of globalisation on HRM.
Globalization is a process that is drawing people together from all nations of the world into a single community linked by the vast network of communication technologies. This aspect of globalization has also affected the HRM in the business world of today. HR managers today not need to rely in a small limited market to find the right employees needed to meet the global challenge, but today they can recruit the employees from around the world. Besides that the effective data based which is being used globally today also has made HRM a simple but effective task. Thus due to globalization to some extent HRM has became more efficient and effective, but relatively a simple task.
The most important factor that these organizations are made up of People, and since HRM is the set of activities which deals with the people factor present in any organization, this change has affected The Human Resources Management itself a lot. Human resources manager of today must ensure that the appropriate mix of employees in terms of knowledge, skills and culture. The following challenges are being faced by HR managers in terms of globalization:
- Managing diversity of workforce. - Managing pressures for more labor rights in third world countries. - Managing Outsourcing of employees. - More part-time and temporary work. - Managing productivity and Quality. - Downsizing the workforce. - Coping with flexible working hours.
Globalization makes for a larger labor pool from which to choose, but it also increases the possibility of language and cultural barriers in the recruitment process. If the company does not address such barriers, it can make the recruitment process increasingly time-consuming and difficult. Human resource managers must adapt to the different customs and cultures when hiring employees in different countries. Language barriers also may necessitate hiring bilingual employees and adapting employee documents, such as employee manuals and training materials, into different languages.