Answer to Question #150064 in Management for prachi

Question #150064
As the famous saying goes by, “What you see and what you hear depends a great deal on where you are standing. It also depends on what sort of person you are, discuss in depth about few perceptual distortions/errors/bias.
Expert's answer


According to this phrase, humans perceive things differently. Naturally, what one person perceives may not be the same as what other person perceives hence creating diversity among humans (Ghosh, 2020). Human perception id influenced an individual's personality and personal life experiences. People who may have endured negative experiences may act harshly and become repulsive. However, people who have experienced positive things in life are likely to accommodative and exhibit approachable.  

According to Bourget (2015), perceptual distortion is experienced when humans are unable to fairly and accurately judge events.  For instance, perceptual distortions occur through stereotyping, biases, and prejudicial tendencies. The most common perceptual distortions are selective perception, halo effect, stereotypes, contrast effect, projection, and the impression (Ghosh, 2020). Selective perception occurs when ople make a judgment based on their backgrounds, interests, and concepts. Halo effect refers to the perceptual distortion where individuals judge a situation or another person by considering one side of the event. Stereotype refers to a perceptual distortion where people make a generalized judgment about a group of people based on their ethnicity, gender, religion, or culture. The contrast effect is a perceptual distortion that where individuals are compared to others and judged based on their similarities. On the other hand, projection as a perceptual distortion refers to a person's attitude toward other people whereby they most often judge them negatively due to a developed negative attitude.

These perceptual distortions can be avoided by employing several strategies. These strategies include empathizing with other people, developing an nurturing a positive attitude towards other humans, embracing open communication channels, not paying attention to first impressions, and considering how other people perceive an event before judging them (Ghosh, 2020). Consequently, what people see and hear is influenced by where they are standing and their attributes (Bourget, 2015). Nonetheless, the strategies discussed above can be employed to manage or circumvent perceptual distortions or bias.


Bourget, D. (2015). Representationalism, perceptual distortion and the limits of phenomenal concepts. Canadian Journal of Philosophy, 45(1), 16-36.

Ghosh, L. (2020, May 19). Perceptual errors and their types. LinkedIn.

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Assignment Expert
17.12.20, 15:46

Dear Prachi, you are always welcome!

15.12.20, 20:52

I sincerely appreciate your help.Thank you very much for the answer.

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