1. Does an American Company like Velsicol have any obligation to refrain from selling pesticides that are banned in the United States to developing nations where they are not banned?
Yes, risky and dangerous pesticides must not be vended to any user whether in America or developing countries. It is construed that farmers, workers and the environment stand the risk of exposure from these hazardous products. Therefore, Velsicol should embrace good business ethics and desist from exposing consumers to dangerous products.
2. Does a U.S. company like Velsicol have an obligation to refrain from exporting chemicals that are only suspected of causing cancer?
Yes, Velsicol is aware that the chemicals contain high levels of toxicities, hence, being barred in America. From the perspective of the due care theory, Velsicol has the special responsibility of ensuring that the consumers are not affected by their suspected-carcinogenic products.
3. Whose responsibility is it to ensure citizens of developing nations are not harmed by exports of pesticides?
The governments in developing nations are responsible for establishing robust measures, including setting up regulatory institutions to ensure all pesticides entering their countries are tested, certified and monitored against harmful effects to citizens and the environment.