The apartheid ideology was introduced in South Africa in 1948 supported by the national party which resulted to racial grouping. The basic principle of apartheid did not differ much from segregation but it forced people to be separated.
In 1867 diamond mining industries were introduced in Kimberly which is currently known as Northern Cape.
In 1961 South Africa was declared to be a republic after winning on the referendum in which legislation and segregation was enforced. In 1994 the first democratic election was held in South Africa in which ANC was reported as the winner.