1. Education for sustainable development (ESD) is a very prominent concept in the 21st century. Answer the following questions regard (ESD) :
1.1 define the term sustainable development
1.2 list three dimensions of sustainability
1.3 state two ecological indicators of sustainability
1.4 state two social indicators of suatainability
1.5 state two spiritual indicators of sustainability
1.1 According Brundtland report, sustainable development is a process of change in which the exploitation
of resources, the direction of investments, the orientation of technological development and
institutional change are all in harmony and enhance both current and future potential to meet
human needs and aspirations.
1.2 The three dimensions of sustainability are Social solidarity, Environmental responsibility, and Economic efficiency.
1.3 The two ecological indicators of sustainability are biodiversity and ecosystem service.
1.4 The two social indicators of sustainability are education and health.
1.5 The two spiritual indicators of sustainability are equitable distribution of wealth and economic equity and fairness.