Answer to Question #205179 in History for Mahlodi

Question #205179

The reasons why Alexander ll introduced reforms after 1856 (2 paragraphs)

Abolition serfdom (2 paragraphs)

The failure of Russian troops in the crimean war (2 paragraphs)

The reforms of local governments (2 paragraphs)

Reform of education (2 paragraphs)

Expert's answer

Alexander II was the head of state of Russian in 1855-1881. Alexander II acknowledged limitations and serfs were required to get better the condition in the nation. Alexander II decided to do the most important reforms in the Military, financial, education, judicial, social, and finally in the Administrative sector In Russia. Within thirty years Alexander II had accomplished all reforms in the Russian government. He kept the autocratic rule at the same time implementing the reforms in Russia. He was a fright of revolution and therefore started the liberation Act which provided serfs slight extra liberty as they were still vault to their ground by MIRs and had to give salvation payments for 49 years. The second reason serfdom was abolished and the not a success of Russian troops in the offensive War also contributed to the reform of the Russian institution. The reform led to the renewal of the Army and bigger fairness and attack on class warfare. The army was given basic education, equipped with initiative and intelligence to fight with western forces. Military courts were decentralized of command to regional staff a lot of emphases was placed on the functioning and status of General staff.

The other reason was that the peasant wanted to have their set in Russia defined and therefore they required legislation to be put in place. The legal system was improved on the local level. Despite the peasants been trialed by the separate court. Education was reformed to modernize and make Russia strong and also improved the living standards of people in Russia. The standard of education was poor and was controlled by churches. However, after the reform secular schools were improved from 8,000 in 1856 to over 23,000 in 1880, and also the worth of education was enhanced.


Hine, W. C. (1975). American Slavery and Russian Serfdom: A Preliminary Comparison. Phylon (1960-)36(4), 378-384.


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