Most of the history surrounding Africa in the 1960s was on the invasion of the Europeans to Africa. Most of the works were centred on Europeans and what they did on African soil. These works assessed African culture based on the Eoropean one and were greatly biased in their conclusions about Africans. Most Africans were viewed to be primitive and backward in terms of technology. They also lacked communication by writing and their societal set ups lacked law and order. These made Europeans consider Africans as savages. All these misconceptions about Africa and its people were bred by the Europeans to help them breed their interests on Africa and its resources. This is what prompted the Roper's assertion that all the available history was on the Europeans stay in Africa and that Africa itself had no history. This was meant to criticize the works at the time to stop focusing on the Europeans in Africa but instead diversify to the natives of Africa.