Analyse the reasons why france experinced continuous political instability in the period between 1814 and 1852.
The defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte by a coalition of European powers in the War of the Sixth Coalition ended the First Empire in 1814 and restored the monarchy to the brothers of Louis XVI (Aali, 2018). This was the leading cause of the political instability in France in the period between 1814 and 1852. The Bourbon Restoration resulted in many conflicts between the reactionary Ultra-royalists, who wanted to restore the pre-1789 system of absolute monarchy, and liberals, who wanted to strengthen the constitutional monarchy. Similarly, it has been argued that the other reason for the conflicts might have caused by the Catholic Church, which was establishing itself as a major power player in the politics of France, and thus was linked with actual or potential counter-revolution.
Aali, H. (2018). French Historians’ Loyalty and Disloyalty to French Monarchy between 1815
and 1848. In Royal Women and Dynastic Loyalty (pp. 181-190). Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.