Answer to Question #185012 in History for Feby Abraham

Question #185012

In what ways does Hammurabi's law code demonstrate the emergence and hardening of inequalities in ancient Mesopotamia? You should look for themes related to social class, gender, politics, and religion. (175 words.)


1
Expert's answer
2021-04-26T10:56:56-0400

Hammurabi Code is among the oldest writings within the world. The descriptive options square measure from ancient Babylonian in a geographic area. It was majorly written on clay tablets and stone stele.

The Social class

Under Hammurabi’s reign, there have been 3 social categories. The amelu was originally an associate in nursing elite person with full civil rights, whose birth, wedding, and death were recorded. Though he had bound privileges, he conjointly was chargeable for harsher penalization and better fines.

Gender

Women entered into a wedding through a contract organized by her family. She came with a gift, given by the groom to the bride also came along with her. Divorce was up to the husband. however, once divorce he then had to revive the gift and supply her with an associate in nursing financial gain, and any youngsters came beneath the woman’s custody. However, if the lady was thought of as a “bad wife”.

Religion

Hittite faith and mythology were heavily influenced by their Hattic, Mesopotamian, and Hurrian counterparts. In earlier times, Indo-European components should still be clearly discerned.

“Storm gods” were distinguished within the Hittite pantheon. Tarhunt was named as “The master,” “The King of Kummiya,” “King of Heaven,” and “Lord of the land of Hatti.” 

Politics

The head of the Hittite state was the king, followed by the heir-apparent. However, some officers exercised freelance authority over varied branches of the govt. one in every of the foremost vital of those posts was that of the Gal Mesedi (Chief of the Royal Bodyguards). It absolutely was outdated by the rank of the Gal Gestin (Chief of the Wine Stewards), who, just like the Gal Mesedi, was usually a member of the house. The kingdom’s form was headed by the Gal Dubsar (Chief of the Scribes).


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