Answer to Question #182774 in History for Feby Abraham

Question #182774

How did the society and economy of the nomadic pastoralists differ from that of the great sedentary cultures of Eurasia? What impact did nomadic pastoralism have on the religion, politics, and gender relations of Mongols and Turks? (300 words)


1
Expert's answer
2021-04-22T12:26:03-0400

Nomadic is pastoralist who rear and sell animals such as cattle and horses and move around frequently in search of green pastures for animals; some move to combine a range of activities including trade, cultivation, and herding with earning a living. Moreover, nomadic pastoralist makes and sells products such as ropes and reeds among other animals.

On the contrary, sedentary pastoralism is the domestication of plotted land that often rear animals for production purposes rather than meat. However, the sedentary pastoralist usually dwells in one place, not moving like their nomadic counterpart. Therefore the sedentary civilization and culture are unique since they stay in one place. Regardless of nomadic and sedentary pastoralist societies participate in and facilities in long-distance trade across afro Eurasia, sedentary societies mostly engage in farming while nomadic societies mostly commit to pastoralism because it's suitable for their steppers and desert areas.

Missionaries and merchants from sedentary societies influenced nomadic people to adopt religions such as Buddhism, Islam, and Christianity. However, technological exchange was among major patterns of cultural interaction between sedentary and nomadic societies in afro Eurasia. Examples were when Mongols facilitated the transfer of gunpowder from China. Furthermore, the cultural interaction between nomadic and sedentary societies in afro Eurasia was an exchange in science and learning. For instance, the transmission of Islamic science, geographical knowledge, and mathematics being facilitated by the Mongol rulers of China. Additionally, the sedentary societies often adopted the language of nomadic people leading to the spread of Arabic and Turkic languages.

Ecological circumstances governed the structure of Mongol nomadic pastoralist life. Competition for controlling resources and other practicalities of life on the Mongolian steppes was determined by nomadic pastoralists' economic activities, lifestyle, and customs. Since the exchange of culture between nomadic and sedentary communities, the other tribes, such as Mongols and Turks, involved nomadic and sedentary societies in problem-solving, learning new farming technologies or crafts


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