The economy of the Arabs in the seventh century was based on:
Manufacturing of textiles, pottery, and luxury items like jewelry.
Nomadic pastoralism, overland trade, and some farming in oases.
Plantation agriculture worked by slaves.
Nomadic pastoralism. The main economic activity of the Arabian communities in the 7th century was agriculture dominated by livestock production. Livestock production plaid a key role in the economy of Arab since most of the Arabs were livestock herders who migrated from place to place in search of pasture for their livestock