In what ways did Octavian and other emperors during the Pax Romana solve the most pressing social and political problems of the Roman Republic? a) identify the key parts of the Roman republic's political structure; b) analyze the most divisive and controversial problems during the republic; c) show how the Roman emperors solved (or attempted to solve) those problems. (300 words)
a. The three main parts of the government were the Senate, the Consuls and the Assemblies. The Senate was composed of leaders from the patricians, the noble and wealthy families of ancient Rome.
b. The Roman Republic was in trouble. It had three major problems. First the Republic needed money to run, second there was a lot of graft and corruption amongst elected officials, and finally crime was running wild throughout Rome.
c. The Roman army and a number of strategically placed forts ensured that the empire was defended against hostile local peoples, and an efficient network of roads was built both to allow troops to move swiftly within the empire and to facilitate trade.